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Homonyms - Homonimy



W języku angielskim podobnie jak w innych językach mamy do czynienia ze zjawiskiem Homonimów. Czym są Homonimy (Homonyms)?

Najprościej rzecz ujmując Homonyms to grupa wyrazów, które mają podobną wymowę lecz inne znaczenie lub opcjonalnie podobną pisownię, a mimo tego inne znaczenie. W języku polskim przykładem Homonimu były by następujące pary wyrazów:

morze i może
ciemny - 1. nie jasny 2. głupi

Homonyms w języku angielskim dzielimy na:
- Homographs (wyrazy, które pomimo tej samej pisowni mają różne znaczenie)
- Homophones (wyrazy, które wypowiadamy, czytamy w ten sam sposób jednak mają różne znaczenie)

Lista przykładowych Homophones:

acts/ax

ad/add

ads/adds/adz

aid/aide

ail/ale

air/heir/err

aisle/isle/I'll

all/awl

all ready/already

all together/altogether

allowed/aloud

alter/altar

ant/aunt

arc/ark

assent/ascent

assistance/assistants

ate/eight

aural/oral

away/aweigh

aye/eye

bail/bale

bait/bate

ball/bawl

band/banned

bard/barred

bare/bear

baron/barren

base/bass

bases/basis

bazaar/bizarre

be/bee

beach/beech

beat/beet

beau/bow

bell/belle

berry/bury

billed/build

berth/birth

bite/byte

blew/blue

bloc/block

boar/bore

board/bored

boarder/border

bode/bowed

bolder/boulder

born/borne

bough/bow

bouillon/bullion

boy/buoy

bread/bred

brake/break

brewed/brood

brews/bruise

bridle/bridal

broach/brooch

browse/brows

but/butt

buy/by/bye

cache/cash

callous/callus

cannon/canon

canvas/canvass

capital/capitol

carat/carrot/caret/karat

carol/carrel

cast/caste

cede/seed

ceiling/sealing

cell/sell

cellar/seller

censor/sensor

cent/scent/sent

cents/scents/sense

cereal/serial

cession/session

chance/chants

chased/chaste

cheap/cheep

chews/choose

chic/sheik

chilly/chili

choral/coral

choir/quire

chute/shoot

chord/cord

cite/sight/site

clause/claws

click/clique

close/clothes/cloze

coal/cole

coarse/course

colonel/kernel

complement/compliment

coo/coup

coop/coupe

core/corps

correspondence/correspondents

council/counsel

creak/creek

crews/cruise

cruel/crewel

cue/queue

currant/current

curser/cursor

cymbal/symbol

dam/damn

days/daze

dear/deer

defused/diffused

desert (abandon)/dessert

dew/do/due

die/dye

disburse/disperse

discreet/discrete

doe/dough/do (musical note)

done/dun

draft/draught

dual/duel

earn/urn

ewe/you/yew

eye/I

faint/feint

fair/fare

faun/fawn

faze/phase

feat/feet

find/fined

fir/fur

flair/flare

flea/flee

flew/flu/flue

flour/flower

flocks/phlox

for/four/fore

foreword/forward

fort/forte

forth/fourth

foul/fowl

friar/fryer

gait/gate

gene/jean

gild/guild

gilt/guilt

gnu/knew/new

gored/gourd

gorilla/guerilla

grate/great

grease/Greece

groan/grown

guessed/guest

hail/hale

hair/hare

hall/haul

halve/have

hangar/hanger

hay/hey

heal/heel/he'll

hear/here

heard/herd

heed/he'd

hertz/hurts

hew/hue/Hugh

hi/high

higher/hire

him/hymn

hoard/horde

hoarse/horse

hole/whole

holey/holy/wholly

hoes/hose

hold/holed

hostel/hostile

hour/our

idle/idol

illicit/elicit

in/inn

insight/incite

instance/instants

intense/intents

its/it's

jam/jamb

colonel/kernel

knap/nap

knead/kneed/need

knight/night

knit/nit

knot/not

know/no

knows/nose

laid/lade

lain/lane

lay/lei

leach/leech

lead/led

leak/leek

lean/lien

leased/least

lee/lea

lessen/lesson

levee/levy

liar/lier/lyre

lichen/liken

lie/lye

lieu/Lou

links/lynx

load/lode

loan/lone

locks/lox

loot/lute

low/lo

made/maid

mail/male

main/mane/Maine

maize/maze

mall/maul

manner/manor

mantel/mantle

marry/merry/Mary

marshal/martial

massed/mast

maybe/may be

meat/meet/mete

medal/metal/mettle/meddle

might/mite

mince/mints

mind/mined

miner/minor

missed/mist

moan/mown

mode/mowed

moose/mousse

morn/mourn

muscle/mussel

mustard/mustered

naval/navel

nay/neigh

none/nun

oar/or/ore

ode/owed

oh/owe

one/won

overdo/overdue

overseas/oversees

pail/pale

pain/pane

pair/pare/pear

palate/palette/pallet

passed/past

patience/patients

pause/paws

pea/pee

peace/piece

peak/peek/pique

peal/peel

pearl/purl

pedal/peddle/petal

peer/pier

per/purr

pi/pie

plait/plate

plain/plane

pleas/please

plum/plumb

pole/poll

pore/pour

pray/prey

presence/presents

prince/prints

principal/principle

profit/prophet

rack/wrack

rain/reign/rein

raise/rays/raze

rap/wrap

rapped/rapt/wrapped

read/red

read/reed

real/reel

reek/wreak

rest/wrest

retch/wretch

review/revue

right/rite/write

ring/wring

road/rode/rowed

roam/Rome

roe/row

role/roll

root/route

rose/rows

rote/wrote

rough/ruff

rung/wrung

rye/wry

sail/sale

scene/seen

scull/skull

sea/see

seam/seem

seas/sees/seize

serf/surf

sew/so/sow

shear/sheer

shoe/shoo

shone/shown

side/sighed

sighs/size

slay/sleigh

sleight/slight

slew/slue/slough

soar/sore

soared/sword

sole/soul

some/sum

son/sun

staid/stayed

stair/stare

stake/steak

stationary/stationery

steal/steel

step/steppe

stile/style

straight/strait

suite/sweet

surge/serge

tacks/tax

tail/tale

taught/taut

tea/tee

team/teem

tear/tier

tern/turn

their/there/they're

theirs/there's

threw/through

thrown/throne

thyme/time

tic/tick

tide/tied

to/too/two

toad/towed

toe/tow

told/tolled

trussed/trust

vain/vane/vein

vale/veil

vary/very

vial/vile

vice/vise

wade/weighed

wail/whale

waist/waste

wait/weight

waive/wave

want/wont

ware/wear/where

way/weigh/whey

ways/weighs

we/wee

weak/week

we'll/wheel

weather/whether

we'd/weed

we've/weave

wet/whet

which/witch

while/wile

whine/wine

who's/whose

wood/would

yoke/yolk

yore/your/you're

you'll/Yule






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